Flora, Cologne, Germany
Cologne in 1864: since the old Cologne Botanical Garden at the cathedral had to make way for the construction of the main station, planning began in 1862 for a new botanical garden in Riehl. On September 5, 1862, Cologne citizens founded a "Committee for the Construction of a Botanical Ornamental and Pleasure Garden" in Eduard von Oppenheim's Cologne apartment. Members were Cologne business leaders, including Jakob von Kaufmann-Asser, August Neven DuMont and Richard Voigtel. The notarization of the articles of association took place on September 8, 1862, and King Wilhelm I approved them on April 13, 1863. Flora AG, with a share capital of 100,000 thalers, was founded on March 6, 1863, and the king's wife, Queen Augusta, took over its patronage. On the outskirts of the city, Flora AG acquired the 22-acre of farmer Pilgram's property, which belonged to the mayoralty of Longerich and covered an area of 5.6 hectares, for 22,130 thalers. The area was adjacent to the Cologne Zoo, which opened in 1860, and Riehl established itself as a local recreation area for Cologne's urban population.
Until the Flora AG took over in 1864, it used to be the property of the farmer Pilgram family. On Aug 11, 1919, Lieutenant Dr. phil. Franz Cramer married Maria Pilgram, the daughter of the building contractor and heir Fritz Pilgram (23.06.1860 - 03.03.1927).